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Associate Professor of Public Administration, Sungkyunkwan University This paper is to review personnel management reforms under the Kim DJ administration from the perspective of the New Right and New Public Management that are the foundation of government reforms of this administration. Also, it examines the reform strategies from the dual-core approach of organization change. Under the neo-conservative motto of small government, this administration has tried to implement staff cutback, decomposing the civil service, and performance management system. First, according to the four-year-reduction plan of national civil servant, it has consistently tried and achieved almost the target. However, variation of the reduction among government agencies reveals that substantial burden of the cutbacks was on local governments and line departments. Second, the open recruitment system designated 131 positions of the higher civil service in 1999. Recent report shows that among the positions, the outsiders amount to about 12%. It says that the executive leadership has not enhanced by this reform. Third, in the line of the performance management system, it introduced bluntly the performance-pay system. Without preparing the performance measures, this reforms is undergoing substantial revision. This review shows that public personnel reforms in Korea has driven by centralized way of the central management agencies. This reform arrangement is positive to the personnel reduction efforts, but is negative to the introduction of performance management system, as the dual-core approach says. Also, the performance management reforms in Korea is highly focused on performance control side without any adequate attention to the other side, delegation of management authority and internal deregulation. Without substantial delegation of the authority to line departments, this personnel institution reforms are likely to reinforce the already strong tradition of the developmental state bureaucracy. Finally, it needs to pinpoint that performance management reforms should be approached by more systemic way, including policy evaluation, performance budgeting, and performance-based organization. `